The Enys Family

The Enys Estate has been owned by members of the Enys family since the 13th century, starting with Robert de Enys in 1272.

Samuel Enys (1611-1697)

Samuel was the first owner of Enys known to have left records of his family tree and notes about his family life, including his marriage to Elizabeth Pendarves and their several children.  The family fortunes increased over the years through a combination of land and mineral-rights ownership, overseas trade and advantageous marriages. The estate was passed on in the male line through two centuries through a succession of Samuel Enys and John Enys until the beginning of the 19th century, when the then John Enys died suddenly in an accident without a heir, and the estate was passed to his uncle Francis Enys in 1802.

Francis Enys (1753-1821)

Francis studied law at Exeter College, Oxford, and never married, so he left the estate to his great nephew John Samuel Enys, who married Catherine Gilbert, the daughter of Davies Gilbert in 1834 in Eastbourne.

Davies Gilbert  (1767 – 1839)

Davies Gilbert
Davies Gilbert

Davies Gilbert was a famous Cornish scientist and politician, a man of wide-ranging talents and distinction in many areas. He was an MP (1804-1832), the President of the Royal Society (1827-1830), an antiquarian and mathematician. His association with the Enys family arose from the marriage of his daughter to John Samuel Enys.

John Samuel Enys (1796-1872)

John Samuel held various public offices in Cornwall. At Enys he engaged the architect Henry Harrison to design and build the new house in the 1830s, after the previous Tudor style house burnt down.  He continued to improve the gardens over the following decades. He had two daughters and three sons, although only the eldest, Jane Mary Enys married.

Francis Gilbert Enys (1836-1906)

As eldest son, Frank inherited the estate on his father’s death.  During his period of ownership, his brothers John Davies and Charles were living in New Zealand and sent back many plants to Cornwall to enrich the gardens.

John Davies Enys (1837-1912)

J D Enys
John Davies Enys

John Davies inherited Enys following the death of his older brother. He had returned to England (following 40 years in New Zealand) in 1891, when his younger brother had become seriously ill and returned to England, where he died shortly after.  He established a New Zealand garden in the grounds and indulged his interest in plants and geology.

Charles Enys
Charles Enys

John Davies and his younger brother Charles were diverse and talented individuals: John Davies was a passionate naturalist, and collected many specimens of insects and fossils, including some moa bones; Charles produced beautiful watercolours of the landscape around their sheep station at Castle Hill, near Christchurch. They were held in high regard by their neighbours in New Zealand, and the highest mountain in the Craigieburn Range is named Mt Enys in  their honour. One talent they were short on was an ability to farm, but frequent funding top-ups from home made up for this lack!


Enys Henry Enys (1861-1939)

Enys Henry Rogers (Harry) was the eldest son of Henry Rogers and Jane Mary Enys (1835 – 1874) and he inherited the estate on the death of his uncle in 1913 and took the Enys surname.   He was an ordained minister of the Church of England and married an American, Sarah Louise Duffus, in 1896. It would appear that he did little to improve or enhance the grounds.

Charles Reginald Saltren Enys (1897-1980)

Saltren, as he was known,  was the only son of Harry and Sadie Enys.  He was trained to enter the Church, but remained an unordained clerk in holy orders.  For much of the time he owned Enys, his eccentric sister Elizabeth, known as Betty, lived in the Enys Cottages in the grounds, and the Gardens and Mansion fell further into disrepair.

Gordon Leonard Rogers (1916-2006)

In 1980 Professor Gordon Leonard Rogers, a retired optical physicist, inherited the estate. He was the eldest son of the distinguished research doctor Sir Leonard Rogers, who was a brother of Harry Rogers (Enys Henry Enys). About half the Estate had to be sold to pay inheritance tax when Gordon took over, a task which took nine years and left the Estate impoverished. As a result, what little money there was had to be directed to parts of the Estate which were occupied and active, though he maintained the Gardens as funds allowed. Upon his death the Estate passed to his children Wendy Fowler and Chris Rogers, who have been continuing their father’s work of sustaining and improving the Estate.